deals with intelligent life (NTIs) under the sea. The humans in The Abyss use known technology, including nuclear weapons and liquid breathing, but the NTIs use technologies not now known by humans, such as Consciousness interacting with Sea-Water. and Energy Sources great enough to control Tsunamis.
According to anarticle by Scott LaFee in the 25 November 2000 issue of TheNew Scientist: "...for the marine world's ... plankton andmicrobes that make up the bulk of its inhabitants--
... microbes within it [seawater] weren't randomlydispersed, as they ought to be in a pure liquid. Instead theyclustered into tight groups. ... Perhaps there was a scaffolding oflarge molecules in the water ... the water was chock-full of ...colloids--large molecules stably suspended in the liquid-- ... muchof the ocean's pool of such molecules spontaneously assembles into agel matrix. [perhaps not unlike acomputer simulation
of the large-scale structure of ourUniverse ] Simultaneously, marine chemists ... beganreporting that seawater contained high concentrations ofpolysaccharides, large polymers made up of sugar molecules strungtogether, providing further independent evidence that the gel mightexist. ... In life and in death, marine organisms exude many kinds oforganic molecules into seawater. Most are quickly devoured by amultitude of bacteria in the water, but some particularly large andcomplex polysaccharides--branched molecules hundreds of sugarslong--are too unwieldy for bacteria to digest. These long-lived sugarcompounds persist and cross-link to create a three-dimensionalmeshwork, which traps water to form a gel. ... If the polysaccharidemolecules in a single millilitre of seawater were untangled and linedup end to end, they would stretch 5600 kilometres. ... The meshworkin each millilitre also includes proteins (310 kilometres), DNA (2kilometres) and other molecules. ... Microbes aren't just randomlyfloating in seawater. They exist in microniches created not just bythe existence of the gel, but by variations millimetre to millimetrein its structure or chemistry. It's not just like a forest of trees.It's like a forest filled with different kinds of trees. ... imaginea typical microlitre of seawater--a 1-millilitre cube--stretched tofill a concert hall 60 metres long, 30 metres wide and 30 metreshigh. All the microbial life within that huge space would berepresented by one cricket bat (that's a single-celled alga, orphytoplankton), five basketballs (protozoans), 1000 peas (bacteria),and 10,000 pinheads (viruses). ... why does the gel form? ...phytoplankton ... organisms use energy from sunlight to convertcarbon into sugars, some of which they release into the water aspolysaccharides. Bacteria feed on these sticky sugars, which may alsoact as a kind of flypaper, snagging passing organic debris rich innitrogen and phosphorus. Or the sugars could provide a protectivecoating against invasive viruses. In any case the polysaccharides,which carry a negative charge, interact with positively charged ionsof calcium, magnesium and sodium in the water, aligning themselvesinto microfibrils called transparent exopolymer particles, or TEPs.... there were between 28,000 and 5 million TEP particles permillilitre. The TEPs ... bind ... to each other and to matter such asmicroscopic faecal pellets from plankton, drifting strands of DNA,algal cells and other detritus to form larger sheets, webs, discs andballs with the consistency and behaviour of gel. Bacteria flock tothese invisible TEPs. Some use them as shelter from predators, butmany chow down on this ready-made meal, wielding enzymes that breakthem down into a form they can absorb, all the while belching outphosphates and ammonia as waste. This, in turn, is just what thephytoplankton require. Ammonia provides nitrogen; add the phosphateand you've got the perfect fertiliser. ... Bacteria ... help producehigh, local concentrations of ammonia and phosphate. And the iron inthe bacteria, released when they're eaten by protozoans, can producea pulse of missing nutrients. ... a microbial circle of life:phytoplankton exude sugars that bacteria eat, producing wastes thatthe phytoplankton use to grow, resulting in more phytoplanktonproducing more sugars for more bacteria. ...".
Another movie, Deep Impact (Paramount1998), had a sequence about a less controlled Tsunuami
whose energy came from a Comet hitting the Atlantic Ocean.
In the movie, the wave did not break
but was controlled and retreated after demonstrating to humans thepower of the Abyss Beings. (breaking wave images fromthe DVD video version of The Blue Planet)
What amount of energy would be needed to produce a ControlledTsunami?
the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundaryevent that formed the Chicxlub crater in the Yucatan near theGulf of Mexico and ended the reign ofthe dinosaurs about 65 million years ago yielded a total energy ofabout 10^8 megatons of TNT, or about 4 x 10^23 Joules.
Since 1 Joule = 1 Watt-Second and there are about pi x 10^7seconds in a year, if we do rough estimates for which pi is roughly4, then we see that the total energy of the ChicxlubCretaceous-Tertiary event is about 10^16 Watt-years = 10^4Terawatt-years.
That amount, about 10,000 Terawatt-years, is(according to M. Taube, in his book Evolution ofMatter and Energy on a Cosmic and Planetary Scale (Springer-Verlag1985) - thisweb page has some furtherdiscussion) more energy than all Earth's Chemical Energyreserves of Oil, Gas, Methane, and Coal combined, and more than ayear's worth of Tidal, Geothermal, and Solar energy:
but nowhere near the amount of Earth's Nuclear Energy reserves
Since a world-wide Controlled Tsunami, such as the one at the endof the movie The Abyss, would take much more energy than the ChicxlubCretaceous-Tertiary event, it is clear that Atmospheric Oxygen(the Oceanic Oxygen used by fish has much lessfuel-burning energy than the Atmospheric Oxygen used by Dolphins andmost Land/Air animals) and Sun-powered weather could notproduce enough energy.
Biological Life on Earthbegan to use Atmospheric Oxygen around 3 billion years ago, whenphotosynthesis began to produce it. Much later, only about3 million years ago, did our pre-human ancestors discover how to usethe Atmospheric Oxygen energy of fire as a source of energy fortechnology.
Living Beings on Earth first used Land-Based Nuclear materials forenergy about 1.8 billion years ago. Accordingto aNatural Nuclear Reactors (Oklo) web page containing excerpts fromthe book The Ages of Gaia (1988) by James Lovelock:
"... At Oklo [location shown on this map
from a Centre de Recherches Pétrographiques et Géochimiques web site]
there is a mine that supplies uranium mainly for the French nuclear industry. During the 1970s, a shipment of uranium from Oklo was founded to be depleted in the fissionable isotope Uranium-235. ...[The reason for the depletion was that.]... in the Proterozoic, ... bacteria built a set of nuclear reactors ... The Oklo reactors ran gently at the kilowatt power level for millions of years and used up a fair amount of the natural Uranium-235 doing so. ... This extraordinary event occurred 1.8 eons (1.8 billion years) ago at a place now called Oklo in Gabon, Africa ... The chemistry of the element uranium is such that it is insoluable in water under oxygen-free conditions, but readily soluable in water in the presence of oxygen. When enough oxygen appeared in the Proterozoic to render the ground water oxidizing, uranium in the rocks began to dissolve and, as the uranyl ion, became one of the many elements present in trace quantities in flowing streams. The strength of the uranium solution would have been at most no more than a few parts per million, and uranium would have been but one of many ions in solution. In the place that is now Oklo such a stream flowed into an algal mat that included microorganisms with a strange capacity to collect and concentrate uranium specifically. They performed their unconscious task so well that eventually enough uranium oxide was deposited in the pure state for a nuclear reaction to start. ... This kind of reactor is not explosive; indeed it is self-regulating. The presence of water, through its ability to slow and reflect neutrons, is an essential feature of the reactor. When power output increases, water boils away and the nuclear reaction slows down. ...".
According to aweb page by Andrew Karam:
"... Evidence indicates that a rich uranium deposit in Gabon, West Africa achieved nuclear criticality and operated for tens of thousands of years or longer. ... it is apparent that 239Pu was produced in measurable quantities, suggesting that uranium is not the heaviest naturally occurring element known. ...".
The next use of Land-Based Nuclearmaterials for energy by Living Beings on Earth was in the mid-20thcentury, when humans built nuclear reactors and weapons.
As of now, it seems likely that humans are the only Living Beingson Earth using Land-Based Nuclear materials for energy. Therefore,the only likely present-day source of energy that
could produce such things as Controlled Tsunamis is OceanicNuclear Energy.
Could the Earth's Oceans themselves be an Intelligent LifeForm made up of
such that it forms a huge Bose Einstein Condensate,or BEC, which "...consists of particles with such large de Broglie wavelengths thattheir wave functions overlap, generating a single quantum state thatis delocalized across the entire sample. Thus a condensate of atomsis analogous to the coherent field of photons generated inside alaser. ...".
Then Earth's Oceans might be able to
Cold Fusion Energy related to:
An idea for another possible mechanism for Oceanic Nuclear energyproduction is based on the following excerpt from the book The BluePlanet, by Byatt, Fothergill, and Holmes for BBC and DiscoveryChannel (DK 2001):
"... in 1984 deep-sea biologists working at the bottom of
the Gulf of Mexico
... came across ... cold seeps ...[where]... at the bottom of the Gulf ... rocks ... seep out ...hydrocarbons ... through the sediment and ... into the water column. ... One of the sites ...
... was ... a beautiful, calm lake on the bottom of the ocean ...[that]... lapped against what looked like a golden sandy shore ....[that]... turned out to be thousands of mussels ... living among them was a rich community of different animals not dissimilar to those found at a hot vent. The cold seeps are too deep to receive any sunlight ... methane was continually bubbling up from the rocks below. Inside the mussels, in an extraordinary parallel with the hot vents, they found chemosynthetic bacteria that ... were fixing methane rather than hydrogen sulfide. ... In places the combination of high pressure and low temperatures had frozen the methane into a solid, ice-like material. ...". According to the DVD video version of The Blue Planet, the cold seep was over 20 meters long and at a depth of about half a mile (and the date of 1990 was mentioned for its discovery).
According to Gulfof Mexico Chemosynthetic Communities - A Teacher's Companion, byGregory S. Boland and Robert M. Avent of Minerals Management Service,Gulf of Mexico OCS Region:
"... Gas hydrates are ice-like substances of hydrocarbons and other chemicals held in place by "cages" of water molecules. When methane hydrates form near the surface of the seabed, they play a major role in theformation of lush chemosynthetic communities through the utilization of this energy source by bacteria.
The exposed portions of the "ice" shown above are brightly colored yellow and orange. ...".
Methane is CH4, 4 hydrogen atoms bound to a central carbon atom ina generally tetrahedral structure. Not only can a tetrahedral Methanemolecule fit naturally inside the relatively open tetrahedralstructure of standard waterice
but it can and does also fit naturally inside structures such asclusters of water molecules that exist optimally in certainMagic Numbers and in configurations such as Buckyball pentagonaldodecahedral structures with a closed, ideally icosahedral symmetryformed by 20 hydrogen-bonded water molecules, with their oxygen atomsat the vertices of 12 concatenated pentagons and with 10 freeexterior hydrogen atoms. (see physics/9807058by Keith Johnson) According to aTexas A&M web page:
"... Structure I hydrate crystals form cages
that can only hold small hydrocarbon molecules inside. These commonly hold a single molecule of methane (CH4.
Crystal with more complex structures can contain larger hydrocarbon molecules. We predicted Structure II hydrates
would exist based on laboratory experiments, then discovered them in nature at Jolliet Field in the Gulf of Mexico.
Structure H crystal cages
can contain iso-pentane, a relatively large, branched-chain hydrocarbon. ...
... hydrocarbon seeps in the Gulf of Mexico ...
... often signal the presence of oil and gas reservoirs far below the seafloor ...".
About 1 part in 7,000 of the hydrogen in Earth's Oceans isheavy Deuterium, D2, one proton and one neutron instead ofordinary Hydrogen, H1, only one proton. (seeExploring Chemical Elements and Their Compounds, by David L.Heiserman (TAB Books, McGraw-Hill, 1992)
... Astronomers have detected over 100 complicated molecules inside such clouds, and are unable to explain exactly how they were assembled. ... the Caltech Submillimetre Observatory on the summit of Mauna Kea in Hawaii ... is sensitive to ultrahigh radio frequencies that cannot easily be detected from sea level. When they turned the telescope towards the constellation of Perseus to observe the giant molecular-cloud designated NGC 1333, they noticed a signal at a specific frequency, 309909.4 Megahertz. ... This frequency exactly matches measurements made on Earth of an unusual molecule called ND3. No other molecules emit at this frequency. ... ND3 is a special form of ammonia. The usual form NH3 has three hydrogen atoms and one of nitrogen. ND3, however, has the hydrogen replaced with deuterium, a heavier form of hydrogen. ... no other molecules containing three deuterium atoms have ever been detected in interstellar space. ... From simple statistics alone, the chances for all three hydrogen atoms in an ammonia molecule to be replaced by the very rare deuterium atoms are one in a million billion ... The cloud where the new molecule was detected is located about a thousand light-years away, far from any stars that would raise its temperature above minus 260 degrees Celsius, or just 10 degrees above absolute zero. ... The chemical reactions that result in the substitution of hydrogen with deuterium atoms are most efficient at low temperatures. ... There are two kinds of reactions that could produce the deuterium: so-called gas-phase reactions, like the burning of a flame, and reactions that occur on the surfaces of solid particles. ... Van der Tak and Schilke looked at ordinary ammonia, NH3, in the NGC 1333 using the large Effelsberg radio telescope in Germany. They concluded, from the ratio of the amount of NH3 to ND3, that only gas-phase reactions will work. ...".
(Sea Hydrate Fusion Organisms might be consideredas a more actively interesting version of Kurt Vonnegut'sIce-9.)
Methane Hydrate is found in many Oceans (as shownon this map from thisU. S. Department of Energy web page)
among them, the Gulf ofMexico:
According to the pdffile MMS-2001-091: "... The program, Deep Gulf of Mexico Benthosor DGoMB, is studying the northern Gulf of Mexico (GOM) continentalslope from water depths of 300 meters on the upper continental slopeout to greater than 3,000 meters water depth seaward of the base ofthe Sigsbee and Florida Escarpments. ...[ some of the samplelocations are show in this map, showing depth contour lines of 100,200, 1,000, 2,000, and 3,000 meters - note the close spacing of the1,000, 2,000, and 3,000 meter contours -
adapted from figures in the pdffile MMS-2001-091 ]... The chosen ship, theR/V Gyre, is owned by Texas A&M University ... The R/V Gyrewas built for the US Navy by Halter Marine Services of New Orleans,LA. ... The Gyre is a general-purpose, open-ocean research vessel....".
(map adapted from a BeachRealty of Cape San Blas, Florida, webpage).
Station S42 is about 200 km S40W from St.George Island, Florida, and the vector to Station S42 isapproximately perpendicular to the beach of the western part ofLittle St. George Island.
According to the DeepwaterProgram: Northern Gulf of Mexico Continental Slope Habitats andBenthic Ecology Report for Station S42 : "... The R/V Gyrearrived on Station S42 at 21:39 on June 9, 2000 and wefinished all sampling at 8:39 GMT on June 10, 2000. The samplingprocedures went quickly for this 763 m deep station which islocated on the West Florida Terrace. The trawl catch was quiteabundant and diverse and included a total of 77 fish representing 13species. The attached picture ...
... features a big squid from the trawl. ... [
In his novel Manifold Time (Del Rey 2000) Stephen Baxter says:"... in the warm, shallow waters of the continental shelf ... in the brightness of day, the squid emerged from the grasses and corals, and rose in the water. The shoals formed in small groups and clusters, eventually combining into a community a hundred stron that soared in arcs and rows through the water. Their jets made the rich water sing as they chattered to each other, simple sentences picked out by complex skin patterns, body posture, texture. ... It was the ancient cephalopod language ... of light and shadow and posture ... as old as the squid - millions of years old, much older than humans - and it was rich and beautiful ... [
According to Introduction to Cephalopods by James B. Wood: "... Octopuses, squids, cuttlefish and the chambered nautilus belong to class Cephalopoda, which means 'head foot'. ... cephalopods have well developed senses and large brains and are thought to be the most intelligent of all invertebrates. ... Cephalopods are found in all of the world's oceans, from the warm water of the tropics to the near freezing water at the poles. They are found from the wave swept intertidal region to the dark, cold abyss. All species are marine, and with a few exceptions, they do not tolerate brackish water.
Cephalopods are an ancient group that appeared some time in the late Cambrian several million years before the first primitive fish began swimming in the ocean. Scientists believe that the ancestors of modern cephalopods (Subclass Coleoidea: octopus, squid, and cuttlefish) diverged from the primitive externally shelled Nautiloidea (Nautilus) very early - perhaps in the Ordovician, some 438 million years ago. How long ago was this? To put this into perspective, this is before the first mammals appeared, before vertebrates invaded land and even before there were fish in the ocean and upright plants on land! ...".
According to a Google cache of http://www.siue.edu/~sasawye/fossils.htm: "... Permian extinction [ about 250 million years ago ] ... killed off many ammonoids. However, the ones remaining took off and expanded during the Triassic [ about 250 to 200 million years ago ]. ... In the Jurassic, [ about 200 to 140 million years ago ] modern groups of squid and octopi appear.
End of Cretaceous [ about 65 million years ago ], lost all ammonoids, most the nautiloids (leaving Nautilus). Left the modern groups of squids and octopi. ...".] ... Squid, all cephalopods ... , belong to the phylum Mullusca ... in the squid the foot has evolved into the funnel ... leading into the mantle, adn the arms and tentacles ... The mantle cavity contains the viscera ... the gills also lie in there ... A squid's neural layout ... has two nerve cords running like rail tracks the length of her body, studded with pairs of ganglia. The forward ganglia pair is expanded into a mass of lobes. ... [ as shown in this image
from a web page with material from an article by Garry Hamillton in the 7 June 1997 New Scientist ] ... squid are smart ... They have senses based on light, scent, taste, touch, sound - including infrasound - gravity, acceleraton, perhaps even an electric sense ... the patterns ...[on their skin are]... made of chromatophores, sacs of pigment granules surrounded by muscles. The chromatophores are under conscious control ... The pigments are black, orange, and yellow. The underlying colors, blues and violets, are created by passive cells we call reflecting ...[Squid]... can make bands, bars, circles, annuli, dots ...[and]... even animate the display ... There may be electric or sonic components, too ... squid eyes ...[are]... forward-placed for binocular vision ...
... Some of the simpler signals ... can be observed among the octopuses. And the squid diverged from them back in the early Mesozoic, some two hundred million years ago. ... Squid are social creatures ... Whereas octopuses ... are solitary ...
...[Squid]... forage alone by night, and shoal by day ... The squid don't hide on the bottom like octopuses; they shoal over sea grass beds ... a squid shoal is not a community ... They don't play ... There are no leaders ... they only live for a couple of years ... [
Could Squid ( by living near Methane Hydrate sites and, with short lives and rapid generational turnover for fast evolution ) mutateAccording to a 22 July 2002 BBC article: "... A giant squid that washed up on an Australian beach over the weekend could be a member of a new species, according to Australian scientists. The 250 kilogram (550 pound) specimen was found dead on a beach in Hobart, Tasmania. ... Experts found several characteristics which they say they have never encountered before - including long, thin flaps of muscle attached to each of the squid's eight arms. ... Even if the scientists had wanted to, they could not have made a feast of the mysterious squid. ...its high ammonia content would have made it unpleasant to eat ..." or coevolve, perhaps symbiotically,According to a Michele Nishiguchi web page, she is "... working on a system that encompasses the interactions between a sepiolid squid host (Family Sepiolidae) and their bioluminescent bacterial symbionts (Genus Vibrio) ... investigating the molecular basis for the speciation of several species of sepiolid hosts and their respective bioluminescent symbionts. ...".
According to a Michael D. Guiry web page, "... Mitochondria are found in nearly all eukaryotic cells. In some cases, there is a single, large mitochondrion, but, more often, there are 100s or 1000s; the number is generally correlated with the metabolic activity of the cell. Mitochondria are generally 1-10 µm in length. ... Many of the metabolic steps of cellular respiration take place in the ... mitochondrial matrix ... where several different enzymes are concentrated. ...".
with Sea Hydrate Fusion Organisms to produce Squid Sea Hydrate Fusion Organisms ?] ... And yet it did not matter. For there was consolation in the shoal, and the shoal of shoals: the ancient songs that reached back to a time before humans, before whales, before even the fish.
The songs, poetry of light and dance, made every squid aware she was part of a continuum that stretched back to those ancient seas, and on to the incomprehensible future; and that her own brief, vibrant life was as insignificant, yet as vital, as a single silver scale on the hide of a fish. ... every squid knew it, on some level that transcended the mind. ...". ... [
Could Dolphins ( with Human-like Brains and Sonic Powers to produce Sea Fusion Reactions ) also coevolve ( perhaps by eating Squid Sea Hydrate Fusion Organisms ) to participate in a Fusion-Powered Oceanic Consciousness ?According to a 28 July 2002 AP Yahoo! News article cited by the Drudge Report: "... Thousands of jumbo flying squid measuring up to 2 feet long have washed ashore at a La Jolla beach, surprising scientists and swimmers. ... Reuters ... Slideshow ...
... Squid Wash Ashore in Calif. ... Workers on Friday removed 12 tons of dead and dying squid stranded at La Jolla Cove. It may have been the largest local mass stranding in nearly 100 years, said Eric Hochberg, a scientist with the Santa Barbara Natural History Museum. Hochberg believes the quivering, tentacled mollusks were stranded while chasing a school of grunion, a fish that spawns on the sand at high tide. ... "It was just unbelievable," said Bill Halsey, 26. "They made these strange noises like a dolphin or a seal as they were dying." ... The jumbo flying squid, known by their scientific name Dosidicus gigas, normally nestle in the eastern Pacific Ocean but they have been showing up on beaches from Orange County to the Mexican Border. Scientists suspect that they are coming north with El Nino warm water currents. ...".
] ... The underwater digital camera captured imagesrepresenting diverse topography featuring large mounds and deepcraters at the bottom of this station. ...".
According to a DOEweb page All about Hydrates, a "... prominent locality forhydrate occurrence is the deep-water Gulf of Mexico. ...[whichhas]... unique features, including visible mounds ofhydrate directly on the sea floor.
In recent years, scientists have visited the deep gulf insubmersible vehicles to observe and sample the mounds. Among the manydiscoveries are unique chemosynthetic communities, includingpreviously unknown species called ice worms, that derive sustenancenot from the sun, but directly from the methane slowly dissociatingfrom the hydrate. ...".
According to the DeepwaterProgram: Northern Gulf of Mexico Continental Slope Habitats andBenthic Ecology Report for Station S39: "... The GYRE arrived onStation S39 at 5:44 GMT on June 6, 2000 and we finished all samplingat 6:21 GMT on June 7, 2000. A number of waterspouts...
... were spotted in the distance while we were sampling this 3000m deep station. ... We had ...[a]... trawl filled withiron stone ...".
According to DeepwaterEnvironmental Publication MMS2001-091.pdf : "... Photographs of an "iron stone bottom"north of the Yucatan Strait suggested deep bottom currents sweep someareas free of sediments ...".
then they could spread by the warm shallow Gulf Stream(shown in the image immediately below from the DVDvideo version of The Blue Planet) to the North AtlanticOcean.
The Great Ocean Conveyor Belt (shown in the imageimmediately below from thisUnited Nations Environmental Programme web page) takesNorth Atlantic Squid Sea Hydrate FusionOrganisms to the South Atlantic, the Antarctic, the Indian andthe South and North Pacific Oceans. One trip around the Great OceanConveyor Belt takes about 1,000 years. According to aPBS web page:
"... The Conveyor Belt begins in the North Atlantic. There the water grows colder and saltier and sinks. This feeds a sluggish mass called the North Atlantic Deep Water. With a flow 20 times that of all the world's rivers combined, the deep water flows southward over the ocean floor. The flow is vast, but not swift: Once deep water forms, it may not touch the open air again for 1000 years. The flow surfaces again around Antarctica, where it is chilled again. Ultimately, it surfaces in the Indian and Pacific Oceans and then flows back north into the South Atlantic and eventually into the North Atlantic. ...".
The warm surface Gulf Stream takes Squid SeaHydrate Fusion Organisms to the North Atlantic:
The North Atlantic cold deep current takes SquidSea Hydrate Fusion Organisms to the South Atlantic:
The North Atlantic Drift warm surface current takes SquidSea Hydrate Fusion Organisms to the Arctic, and the Antarcticcold deep current takes Squid Sea Hydrate FusionOrganisms to the Indian Ocean:
The Antarctic cold deep current takes Squid SeaHydrate Fusion Organisms to the South Pacific Ocean:
The warming rising Pacific current takes SquidSea Hydrate Fusion Organisms to the North Pacific Ocean:
Thus, Gulf of Mexico SquidSea Hydrate Fusion Organisms are distributed to all the Oceans ofthe Earth. (ocean image below from an Ocean DynamicTopgraphy image from aJPL Topex web page)
As suggested to me by e-mail correspondence with GaryG. Ford (see also as references An Introductionto Modern Astrophysics, by Carroll and Ostlie (Addison-Wesley 1996),including page 511, and Cauldrons in the Cosmos, by Rolfs and Rodney(Chicago 1988), including page 440),
if a lot of 125 MeV neutrinos were produced by the Squid Sea Hydrate Fusion Organisms of Earth's Oceans and were absorbed by a lot of the iron Fe^56_26 in Earth's core, then by the neutrino disintegration reaction
Fe^56_26 + 124.4 MeV neutrino -> 13 He^4_2 + 4 n
the Earth's dense solid iron core would turn to Helium He^4_2 which would then, in turn, disintegrate by the reaction
He^4_2 + neutrino -> 2 H^1_1 + 2 n
thus turning the Earth's Iron Core into a gigantic Hydrogen Bomb.
If the above scenario were to really take place, and if theexplosion of the Earth's iron core were a coherent beam ofinformation beamed out through the lens of the Pacific Ocean,then perhaps a view from land near the Gulf of Mexico mightlook like the scene near the end of the book
by Arthur C. Clarke (Ballantine books 1953), at pages 214-217:
"... Something's starting to happen. The stars are becoming dimmer. It's as if a great cloud is coming up, very swiftly, over all the sky. But it itsn't really a cloud. It seems to have some sort of structure - I can glimpse a hazy network of lines and bands that keep changing their positions. It's almost as if the stars are tangled in a ghostly spider's web.
The whole network is beginning to glow, to pulse with light, exactly as if it were alive. And I suppose it is ...
The glow seems to be shifting to one part of the sky ... There's a great burning column, like a tree of fire, reaching above the western horizon. It's a long way off, right round the world. I know where it springs from: ...[a pair of Pacific Islands]...
they're on their way at last, to become part of the Overmind. ... they're leaving the last remnants of matter behind.
As that fire spreads upward from the Earth, I can see the network becoming firmer and less misty. In places it seems almost solid, yet the stars are still shining faintly through it.
... Is this how it talks to you ... in colors and shapes like these? ...
Now it looks exactly like the curtains of the aurora, dancing and flickering across the stars. Why, that's what it really is, I'm sure - a great auroral storm. The whole landscape is lit up - it's brighter than the sky - reds and golds and greens are chasing each other across the sky ...
The storm's dying down, but the great misty network is still there. I think that aurora was only a by-product of whatever energies are being released up there on the frontier of space. ...
... That great burning column is still there, but it's constricting, narrowing; it looks like the tunnel of a tornado, about to retract into the clouds. ... I felt a great wave of emotion ... it was a sense of fulfillment, achievement. ...
... the world feels empty. Utterly empty. It's like listening to a radio set that's suddenly gone dead. And the sky is clear again - the misty web has gone. ...
The light! From beneath me - inside the Earth - shining upward, through the rocks, the ground, everything - growing brighter, blinding -
In a soundless concussion of light, Earth's core gave up its hoarded energies. For a little while the gravitational waves crossed and re-crossed the Solar System, disturbing ever so slightly the orbits of the planets. Then the Sun's remaining children pursued their ancient paths once more, as corks floating on a placid lake ride out the tiny ripples set in motion by a falling stone. ...
There was nothing left of Earth. ... Strange to see the Moon still shining up there. ... it will be lonely now ...".
and the Earth of destructive humans themselves, as in the movieStar Trek IV, from which the above image is taken?
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